What is Vaginoplasty?

Vaginoplasty is a surgical procedure performed to reconstruct or create the vagina, typically for transgender women or individuals with certain congenital conditions. It is also known as gender confirmation surgery or bottom surgery.

During the procedure, the surgeon reshapes the tissues of the genital area to form a vaginal canal. This can involve using tissue from the patient’s own body, such as skin grafts from the penile or scrotal tissue, or utilizing other synthetic materials.


  • Generally performed under general anesthesia.
  • Techniques may vary but commonly involve tightening the muscles and supporting tissues of the vaginal canal.
  • In some cases, excess tissue may be removed to enhance tightness and aesthetics.


  • Initial recovery typically involves discomfort, swelling, and bruising.
  • Patients are advised to avoid strenuous activities and sexual intercourse for several weeks.
  • Complete recovery may take several months, during which regular follow-up visits with the surgeon are necessary.